The Magic of Cinematography: Becoming a Film Major


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FINAL PAPER 2022 (CRJ 409)

Over the course of the semester, you have read about police culture, the factors that influence their decision-making (e.g., to make arrests or use force, or event deadly force), information on body cameras, and how the public’s perception of officers is shaped.

The last group of readings focused on training the police, and these readings are diverse. Still, the title of one article, “They need more training!” does make certain assumptions. One assumption is that training will solve any problems that exist in policing. This assumption is hinted at in the other articles, so don’t focus on only one of the training articles. Still, we need to ask, “is this assumption reasonable?”

Based on the scholarship FROM THE COURSE READINGS (there is no need to use outside material), discuss the potential impact of training on the topics you are assigned (see below). Will training improve policing in the areas you were assigned? If so, what part of training might help improve policing? Why? Is it possible that additional training will not really help with the situation? Again, be sure to explain why. Make your argument based on the readings, logic, and reasonable assumptions. Remember, make 2+2=5.

Based on the first letter of your last name, here are your assigned topics:

Last name starts with A-K:

The “proper” use of offensive language and physical force
The use of military equipment
The use of accoutrements by street-level officers

Last name starts with L-R:

Policing myths
Using body cameras
The use of “normal” force (i.e., take-downs, verbal force, less-than-lethal force)

Last name starts with S-Z:

Policing activities in hot spots
OIS incidents
Minimizing the existence of a police culture

When constructing your paper here are some things to remember: (1) you must address ALL THREE TOPCS ASSIGNED. (2) you MUST send me your final paper as an attachment via the Blackboard Message system. (3) papers must be written in Times New Roman 12 font, one-inch margins all around. (4) review the message I sent regarding prior papers (dated April 4th). (5) papers must be written in WORD. I must be able to open your paper.

Remember, a short paragraph should introduce your paper and what you are writing about. This will / should be about 1/3 of a page. Each topic should require roughly 2 pages to adequately discuss. Three topics, two pages each, plus an introduction paragraph, and you’ll be into seven pages.

Papers are due by Sunday, May 15 at 6:00 pm. This is a hard deadline. If you submit your paper late it will lose 10 points for each day it is late.

student name: Laith Salah

CRJ 409 students,

I have developed the final paper assignment and have attached it here as a WORD document. I wanted to send it out a bit early so you will have two weeks to write (and proofread) your paper. It is due on Sunday, May 15 at 6:00 pm.

In the instructions I mention that when you write you should make 2+2=5. This means that you are expected to conduct some “analysis” when you write. Explain your reasons or logic when you write your answer. Consider the work of the authors you read. They may collect data and do “statistical analysis” in order to reach conclusions, but they also critically think about their work and findings in a way that goes beyond just the numbers. Skogan, et al. wrote on p. 333 “It is probable that supervisors
need procedural justice training as much as anyone in the organization, but with an eye toward exercising its principles internally rather than externally. Supervisors and their managers set the tone of the work environment, and studies of the effectiveness of training suggest that it is in combination with effective management that training works best.” This is directly related to their research, but does go beyond the math.

Or, based on my work regarding policing myths, I wrote (p. 192) “Based on the myths of crime prevention, crime fighting and danger, it actually may be difficult for police agencies to avoid moving in the direction of issuing patrol rifles to their officers. Issuing these weapons to street-level officers may provide organisational legitimacy regardless of the empirical evidence demonstrating their value or need in policing.” I don’t use numbers, but logic, to make this assertion. Still, I believe this is 2+2 equaling 5.

In the “intel” world this is called “adding value to the information.” So, be sure to add value to your work. When you think critically you present more than just the data or information, you extent logical what that information means.